How to plant Celery successfully is a popular question now. So why? It is because many people love using Celery. Also, it has a sweet aroma, easy to eat, and contains many health benefits. This post, Garden How will help you explore step-by-step steps to grow this vegetable for high yield.
Choosing a suitable season and temperature to plant Celery
In fact, people plant Celery all year round, however, this plant usually grows well in the cold season with cool weather conditions. The appropriate temperature for the plant to grow well is from 15 to 20oC. Besides, the right time to plant Celery is in the early spring and late summer. It is better to grow them from August to October. When you grow them at this time, your plant will grow stronger and easily achieve a high yield.
Choose Celery seeds to grow
Celery seeds are in packages of 2-3g/bag. You can go to reputable vegetable seed stores or supermarkets to buy them for planting.
Select the best soil to plant Celery
Celery is a terrestrial plant, this vegetable only grows well in high-temperature, humid, cool places. Also, you need to meet their demand is has enough lights. Celery can grow well on nutrient-rich soils, high moisture holding capacity, and soil with pH from 5.8-6.8. In fact, it is difficult to live on alkaline soils, strongly contaminated soil, and waterlogged soil.
Before planting Celery plants, it is necessary to make the soil thoroughly and apply lime powder. Also, you plow thoroughly and clean the weeds in the beds, drying to remove pathogens in the soil. If planted directly in the field, it is necessary to have a balanced bed to actively irrigate. The bed is 1.2-1.5m wide; 20-30cm tall.
Choosing planting pots to plant Celery
If you want to grow Celery at home, prepare buckets, pots, trays, and styrofoam boxes. Besides, you can make use of used plastic bags and cement bags.
Note: The pot needs to have drainage holes to avoid waterlogging.
How to grow Celery?
Treat Celery seeds
Soak Celery seeds in warm water with a temperature of about 35-45 o C for a period of 15-20 hours. Then take out the vegetable seeds, wash them and incubate them in a damp towel for about 1 day at a temperature of 25-30 o C. Finally, you take them out. And you check, if the seeds are cracked and germinated, you let the seeds soak in water, and then plant them.
Plant Celery seeds
Before sowing seeds, it is necessary to pay attention to making the soil thorough and porous. You mix the soil with nutrient-rich organic fertilizers and water it into the soil to create moisture. Choose a time with cool weather to sow seeds.
Slit the rows evenly with a depth of 1cm and then sow the seeds straight in the slit row, sowing each seed 5cm apart. Then fill a thin layer of soil or rice husk ash on top and water with a sprinkler or drip irrigation system is best.
The time for Celery seeds to germinate is about 12-15 days after planting, during the time when the seeds are about to germinate, they need to cover to create coolness for the plant to promote seed germination. Water the vegetable beds regularly 1-2 times/day in the early morning and cool afternoon.
Note when Celery seeds sprout:
After about 12-14 days after sowing, Celery seeds will sprout, this time open the cover so that the plant can absorb light. However, avoid exposing the plant to direct sunlight. The appropriate temperature for vegetables to germinate is from 15 – 20 o C, with cool temperature and humidity.
Note in the 2nd – 4th week after sowing seeds, if the tree is 2-3 cm tall, then cultivate the roots to keep the roots of the seedlings better attached to the soil. At this time, it is necessary to apply an amount of superphosphate fertilizer diluted with water to irrigate the seedlings to develop the roots.
After about 5-6 weeks after sowing, the young Celery plants are large and about 8cm high with 4-6 young leaves. This is the time to pluck each plant out and plant it separately in styrofoam containers, large plastic buckets, or plant directly in the field.
How to plant Celery seedlings in beds?
Create a deep hole, gently lift the potted plant and bury it in the hole, then cut the root. Cover with straw, wood humus, and dry grass around the root to keep the plant moist. Then water to create moisture for the plant.
You should plant Celery in the cool afternoon when the sun has turned off. Within 2-3 days after planting seedlings, it is better to cover and create shade to avoid direct sunlight for the seedlings to recover.
Techniques for taking care of Celery plants
Celery is a moisture-loving plant. So need regular watering for vegetables, lack of water will slow down the growth process and cause the stem to become stunted.
In the dry color, water the vegetables twice a day in the early morning and cool afternoon. Do not water the vegetable plants in the mid-season when it is not yet sunny. However, in the rainy season, it is only necessary to water once a day and cover the vegetables to prevent rainwater from crushing vegetables and damaging vegetables.
Fertilizing Celery plants
Planting Celery with few pests and diseases mainly needs periodic watering and fertilizing to provide nutrients for vegetable plants that need to grow well. Growing vegetables need to be mainly fertilized with organic fertilizers, composted manure, and a mixture of urea, superphosphate, and NPK.
After 1 week of planting vegetables, it is better to spray additional biological organic fertilizers. It helps the plants recover and stimulate rooting and stronger plants.
At the time of planting young civets from 15-20 days, it is necessary to fertilize the vegetables by mixing an amount of phosphate and urea and then watering them evenly on the vegetables in the cool afternoon. The next morning, they need to be watered again.
Fertilize the second time 20-25 days apart from the first time, mix NPK or DAP fertilizer with water and water evenly on morning glory. You fertilize the 3rd and 4th times at the same time and dose as the 2nd time.
Before harvesting 15 days before harvest, you can spray more Gibberellic Acid 90% (GA3) solution of pure 1g GA3 with 10 – 20 liters of water to spray the whole tree. It helps slow down the aging process of the tree and keeps plants healthy for a long time. But you should also ensure the isolation period before the harvest of vegetables to ensure safety for consumers.
Pest control in Celery
Celery is less susceptible to serious diseases. But Celery can be attacked by leaf-eating insects and snails that you need to pay attention to:
Green worms, silkworms, borers, leafworms, snails… if you detect these worms, use one of the sprays such as Aztron, Biocin 16 WP, or Dipel 6.4 WP,… Should alternately use the above drugs to prevent high efficiency.
In the dry season, Celery is easy to damage by gray planthopper, to prevent disease, you use Bassa 50ND, Cyperan 25EC … spray thoroughly on the whole plant.
In the rainy season, Celery vegetables are susceptible to white rust, which causes pests, to prevent this disease, you need to pay attention to the high beds for vegetables to drain the water well. When detecting disease, use drugs such as Score 250 EC, Sherpa 20EC, Dithane 80WP, Sumicidin 10EC, and NPV biological drugs to spray vegetables.
In addition, depending on weather conditions, humidity, and care process, Celery plants are also susceptible to pink rot, black rot, and leaf blight. This problem is overcome by enhancing soil nutrients. With bio-organic fertilizers, pay attention to watering and pruning if the plants grow too thick.
Harvesting Celery on time
From the time of sowing to harvesting is about 100-140 days, the time of harvest. Besides, the quality of vegetables depends on the factors of temperature, humidity, and care techniques for Celery plants.
When the Celery is about 30-45cm tall, you cut the stem 3cm from the base of the plant. After about 2 weeks, the plants will continue to sprout. At this time, you mix the amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, and urea with dilute water. Then water the vegetables to stimulate rooting and new leaf growth.
If harvested by uprooting the whole tree to plant new vegetables, after harvest, you should redo the soil carefully, and dry it for 2-3 suns. Also, you add a mixture of lime powder and organic fertilizers to the soil.
Final Thoughts about How to grow Celery
Not only is garden Celery better-tasting than store-bought types, but it’s also less chemical-laden. In cooler regions, it does best planted in the early spring. In warmer areas, plan to plant in mid- to later summer. Garden How gave you advice on planting, growing, and harvesting Celery in this article. Hope that you can plant Celery successfully. For more insightful details about other flowers and vegetables, let’s visit our Garden How.