In fact, Spinach is a cold vegetable and is very beneficial for anemia and pregnant women. So, how to grow Spinach successfully? This article from Garden How will help you explore step-by-step steps to plant and care for the highest yield. Keep reading to learn something interesting about this vegetable.
Time to grow Spinach
You can grow Spinach at any time of the year, however, for the best results, you should grow them in the winter-spring and spring-summer seasons. The early season is from the end of September to the beginning of October.
The main crop of Spinach is from mid-October to mid-November. The late winter-spring crop is from December to early January next year. In regions where the climate is cool, Spinach grows favorably. In locations with high temperatures, it is difficult to grow Spinach.
The right temperature and soil to plant Spinach
The suitable temperature
Spinach is a cold vegetable that grows well at temperatures ranging from 18-20oC. It grows slowly when the temperature is 10oC. However, it can still tolerate temperatures as low as minus 10oC.
Also, it likes to live in a low-light environment and is shade tolerant. Therefore, you can proceed to grow Spinach interspersed with tall plants for shade.
The best soil to plant Spinach
In fact, Spinach is a moisture-loving plant, so you should choose a soil with a lot of hummus and lots of organic matter to grow Spinach.
In addition, the plant can still live well in sandy soil in places with heavy rainfall. However, it is better to have a good drainage system so that your plant does not encounter waterlogging.
How to grow Spinach?
Before starting to grow Spinach, you first need to soak the vegetable seeds in warm water mixed with a ratio of 2 boiling 3 cold within 3 to 4 hours for the seeds to germinate quickly.
After that, you wash the seeds again with clean water and put the seeds in a thick basket to prevent the seeds from falling. Then, you cover it with a damp cloth and put it in a warm place. After a period of 8 hours, wash and clean the seeds until the seeds crack and root. So, you can grow them.
For clean soil and a foam box or plastic pot, then sow the seeds in rows from 10 to 15cm. In order to avoid micro-organisms from eating away at the leaves and help the plant to germinate more quickly, when you plant, it is better to use a small tarpaulin to cover it for about 2 to 3 days.
Caring for Spinach
When implementing the way to grow Spinach, the care of Spinach is very important in the process of growing vegetables, It directly affects the growth of the plant. You should regularly monitor the plant, water, and fertilize with just the right amount to get the best results.
Because Spinach is a moisture-loving plant, after planting Spinach, you need to make sure to water enough water for the plant 1 to 2 times a day. After sowing, you water 1 to 2 times per day, depending on weather, climate, and soil properties. After fertilizing, you use clean water for them. On average, every 5 to 7 days, you proceed to fertilize once.
Until the plant has grown for 10 to 15 days, start weeding and rooting for the plant. For fast growth, it is necessary to apply fertilizer, you can use urea fertilizer once a week for Spinach.
The last application of fertilizer has a very important effect on the yield when harvesting Spinach. That is 30 days after sowing for early varieties.
For the type of sowing in rows, it is possible to apply fertilizer in dry form. The method of fertilizing Spinach is similar to that of fertilizing cabbage. You apply fertilizer 20 to 25 days after sowing and 35 to 40 days. The method of fertilization is similar to that of nitrogen fertilizer. Also, the concentration of the solution is in the range of 1 to 2%.
How to identify, prevent and control pests and diseases of Spinach?
During the period of growing Spinach, it is possible that the plant will encounter pests and diseases. At such times, you need to quickly destroy them to prevent spreading to the whole plant.
You can handle pests by catching worms directly by hand if there are few. In many cases, it is necessary to use pesticides sprayed directly on the plant.
In order to properly grow Spinach and achieve high yields, you must definitely care about the pests that cause vegetables. You can use a solution made from crushed garlic and peppers. Then you mix them with water to kill harmful pests.
To destroy them completely, it is best to spray once every 7 days and each time. Also, mix 5 ml of solution with 1 liter of water to spray the plants.
How to harvest Spinach?
Surely this is the stage that you are most looking forward to during the process of growing Spinach. After so much time and effort, you can finally enjoy the vegetables that you made yourself, and nothing better.
However, when harvesting, you need to rely on the characteristics of growth, and the time since planting before starting to harvest. Avoid the case of harvesting too late, your plant will be old and eat the inherent deliciousness of the vegetables. Moreover, the nutrients at this time have been greatly reduced.
When there are 5 to 7 leaves on the Spinach, you can proceed to harvest. Also, Spinach contains many nutrients that good for human health.
Final Thoughts How to plant Spinach
So, we have finished learning about How to grow Spinach as well as planting techniques and how to care for them. Through this article, Garden how hopes that you can grow your own healthy green Spinach plants right in your garden. For more insightful details about other flowers and vegetables, let’s visit our Garden How.