How to grow Eggplant? Planting, Care & Harvest Guide

How to grow Eggplant?

How to grow Eggplant is a popular question, so why? Eggplant is an easy-to-grow plant that can be grown all year round in our country and is a high-yielding plant. Garden How will give you an effective growing technique for your reference. So keep reading to learn something interesting about this plant.

What should you prepare before growing Eggplant?

Soil preparation

Eggplant is not picky about soil, but prefers less clay, and more humus, and is very tolerant of soil with a lot of unripe organic matter. Alluvial soil, gray soil, and red soil are all exempt from porous and waterlogging. 

You mix the soil with vermicompost, microbial organic fertilizer, coconut fiber, and rice husk ash, and add Trichoderma to treat and improve the soil to prevent diseases. It is the best way to prepare to grow Eggplant better. 

Prepare pots to plant Eggplant

Prepare pots to plant Eggplant
You can prepare the pot and soil for the Eggplant.

While waiting for the seeds to germinate, you can prepare the pot and soil for the Eggplant. Pots or styrofoam containers should be at least 40cm wide, and 50cm high, punch many holes in the bottom of the container or pot.

Besides, make sure the soil plows to a depth of 25-30cm, harrow until smooth, and clean of grass, roots, and stones. Dig a hole 20cm deep and 40cm wide. Should decontaminate and fertilize the soil before planting.

How to grow Eggplant?

By mixing 4kg of manure per square meter and putting Eggplant seeds in nursery beds, you can grow Eggplant. Cover the seeds with a 1 cm layer of fine soil after sowing. After about a month, people place the seedlings in the ground when they are about 15 cm high. Additionally, it is advised to prune the young seedlings that are too young in the nursery a few weeks prior so that the seedlings can become robust once more. Since Eggplant takes root quickly, the entire gourd should be removed to prevent the plant from wilting.

It is better to grow Eggplant in the afternoon. Make sure one tree is in each hole, and the distance is as follows:

  • In the rainy season, trees are separated from each other by 50cm x 50cm (each sample has 30,000-35,000 trees).
  • In the sunny season, trees are 50cm apart, and one row is 1m apart from the other (each sample has about 20,000 trees).
How to grow Eggplant?
It is better to grow Eggplant in the afternoon.


  • When planting, check the soil’s moisture level; if it becomes too dry or too wet, the seeds won’t germinate well.
  • Analyze the area for ants or other bugs that might bite the seed.

Caring for Eggplant 

After you grow Eggplant, you should water the Eggplant once a day throughout the dry season, preferably in the early morning or late afternoon. The base is built of straw or hay for immobilization and the sun has set. The water must be made very clear when planting during the wet season. For 24 hours, an Eggplant submerged in water will perish. Additionally, the soil must be weeded and the roots must be cultivated three times, plus pruning.

When the tree is 30cm high, add a plastic-coated steel pipe to prevent the Eggplant stem. Helps prevent trees from falling. In the flowering stage, you just need to water enough, and do not use a water hose to spray on flowers will cause flowers to drop. Also, you have to prune off branches, especially overhanging branches (branching straight, not branching).

water the Eggplant once a day
You should water the Eggplant once a day throughout the dry season.

How to fertilize after you grow Eggplant?

When you grow Eggplant plants, mix 1-2 kg of farmyard manure into the soil and let it sit in each hole for 3 to 5 days. Each sample should also contain 400 kg of amphipods divided into three times:

  • First time: 100kg after planting 20 days.
  • The second time: 100kg after the first time 20 days.
  • The third time: 200kg after the second 20 days.

0.5kg of nutrients mixed with TC-Mobi. hydroponic solution

Scatter the two sides of the Eggplant rows and then weed and dress up.

How to identify, prevent and control pests on Eggplant after you plant?


Identify: The dark brown moth pupates on the ground after laying eggs sporadically or in large groups. Hide during the daytime, then emerge at night to gnaw on the crowns, limbs, stalks, fruit, or stumps of young trees. 

Prevent: You can prevent this by decontaminating the soil as mentioned above. 

Control measures: To get rid of this pest, use 1kg of DDT 75% (ratio of 1/300) to evenly water the tree and the root when the tree is 2 weeks old. Spray on both sides once every 10 days.

Forest caterpillars 

When you plant Eggplant, you will face this caterpillar. Caterpillars lay eggs on the underside of leaves. It is green with white veins, a horn at the last segment, and pupating on the ground. 

Control measures: To eliminate use Dieldrin 50% (ratio 1/300) and spray evenly on the leaves once a week.

How to harvest Eggplant?

Two to three and a half months after you plant Eggplant, harvest can start. Once every three days for the next 4-5 months, pick Eggplant. An average sample yields between 30 and 40 tons of fruit.

How to harvest Eggplant?
You can harvest from two to four months after planting.

The skin of the Eggplant will change from dark purple to a lighter shade, become glossy, and stretch evenly as it grows, allowing you to pick it. Avoid harvesting the old fruit, which will degrade the quality of the fruit and weaken the tree significantly.

Benefits of Eggplant

Eggplant is a good choice to aid in weight loss, reduce constipation, and combat colon cancer because it is high in fiber and low in calories. Iron is another important component of Eggplant, which helps fend off anemia. Additionally, the calcium in Eggplant promotes healthy bone growth and lowers the chance of osteoporosis.

Note when using Eggplant

  • Avoid overcooking Eggplant because doing so may cause the fruit to lose some of its nutrients. Instead, stew or boil the fruit instead.
  • Eat the entire Eggplant skin since it is healthy and contains several B vitamins and vitamin C.
  • Add a couple of pieces of ginger while cooking if the Eggplant fruit is soldering.
  • Additionally, its use should be restricted in persons with low blood pressure and diarrhea.

Final Thoughts about how to plant Eggplant

Hopefully, after the above instructions, you can grow fruit-laden Eggplant, safe for your family. Garden How will help you complete the garden more beautiful, and more diverse, and save more time taking care. For more insightful details about other flowers and vegetables, let’s visit our Garden How.

Related posts:
How to grow Eggplant in pots?
How to identify, prevent and control Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer? 

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